Home / Our Animals » Mammals » Siamang

Mammals

Siamang

siamang

Symphalangus syndactylus

Distribution:

Through southeast Asia, predominantly mainland Malaysia and Sumatra

Habitat:

Evergreen tropical rainforests.

Diet:

Mainly leaves and soft fruits. Flower buds, insects, nuts, birds and birds’ eggs are also eaten.

Gestation:

One offspring after a 235 day gestation period.

Longevity:

Up to 30 years in the wild.

Predators:

Humans

Conservation status::

Endangered

At Hamilton Zoo:

You will often find Itam (Eetam) and his wife Iuri (eYuri) showing one another their affection and canoodling, they have been together for nearly 30 years! 


Itam was born at Berlin Zoo on 11 September 1984.  Iuri was born at Adelaide Zoo on 14 November 1979 and arrived in Hamilton in 2009.  In late 2015, they will move to a brand new purpose built exhibit which will allow them to cimb as high as they wish in the trees and exhibit their full range of natural behaviours.  Visitors can view them from a boardwalk over a lake.


Get up close to our siamang gibbons with a Face2Face or Eye2Eye encounter.

General:

The siamang is the largest of the gibbon family and has an inflatable throat sac, allowing them to make loud resonating calls or songs. They sing for about 15 minutes several times a day. These calls are thought to aid bonding of pairs as well as protecting territory, and can be heard from up to 5km away.



Of all the gibbons, siamang are considered the best at walking upright, holding their long arms above their heads for balance. Most of a siamang’s life is spent in the tree canopy where their long arms allow them to swing from branch to branch. They use their long fingers to hook over the branches as they swing, rather than grasping.


Male and female are similar in size, reaching 1m in height and weighing up to 23kg. Siamang adults pair for life. They live in small family groups of parent and immature offspring. Infants are born hairless but are soon covered with soft, dark hair.


Siamangs are diurnal (active during the day), with family members remaining close together while they forage for food. Unlike chimpanzees which build sleeping nests or platforms, siamangs sleep sitting upright on a branch high in the forest canopy, with arms folded and head between their knees.


As a frugivorous animal, the siamang disperses seeds through defecation as it travels across its territory. This plays an important role in supporting forest.


This species is threatened by hunting for pet trade and continued rates of habitat loss (mainly as a result of expanding agriculture such as coffee plantations, and road building).


Siamangs Itam exploring his new enclosure for the first time - January 2016