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Exotics

Blue Peafowl

blue peafowl

Pavo cristatus (also known as Indian peafowl)

Distribution:

Southern India and Sri Lanka

Habitat:

Dry, open forests and scrubland

Diet:

Grains, insects, small reptiles, small mammals, berries

Breeding:

Variable, generally September to December in New Zealand

Nest:

The nest is a shallow scrape in the ground under thick undergrowth

Eggs:

Four to six thick-shelled eggs, incubated for 28 days

Chicks:

Chicks follow their mother around after hatching; young may sometimes climb on their mothers back and the female may carry them in flight to a safe tree branch

Predators:

Tigers, leopards, humans

Conservation status:

Common

General:

Commonly known as the peacock, this beautiful bird is well known for the males extravagant 'tail' feathers and courtship display. Females have excellent camouflage for nesting on the ground. The feathers, which the male displays to attract the female, are in fact elongated tail covert feathers, supported by the true tail feathers. In New Zealand the 'tail' is at its best over summer, and is then moulted quite rapidly.


They have strong legs, with three toes facing forward and one to the rear.


Peacocks live in flocks ('musters') and roost at night in tall trees. They are ground feeders and can fly only short distances.


A peacock may have a harem of up to six peahens. They have a lifespan of 8-10 years in the wild and up to15 in captivity.